Subclonal patterns in follow-up of acute myeloid leukemia combining whole exome sequencing and ultrasensitive IBSAFE digital droplet analysis

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

We studied mutation kinetics in ten relapsing and four non-relapsing patients with acute myeloid leukemia by whole exome sequencing at diagnosis to identify leukemia-specific mutations and monitored selected mutations at multiple time-points using IBSAFE droplet digital PCR. Five to nine selected mutations could identify and track leukemic clones prior to clinical relapse in 10/10 patients at the time-points where measurable residual disease was negative by multicolor flow cytometry. In the non-relapsing patients, the load of mutations gradually declined in response to different therapeutic strategies. Three distinct patterns of relapse were observed: (1) one or more different clones with all monitored mutations reappearing at relapse; (2) one or more separate clones of which one prevailed at relapse; and (3) persistent clonal hematopoiesis with high variant allele frequency and most mutations present at relapse. These pilot results demonstrate that IBSAFE analyses detect leukemic clones missed by flow cytometry with possible clinical implications.Highlights The IBSAFE ddPCR MRD method seems applicable on virtually all newly diagnosed AML patients and was more sensitive than flow cytometry. Monitoring a few mutations captured the kinetics of the evolving recurrent leukemia. NPM1-mutation alone may not be a reliable MRD-marker.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Halmstad County Hospital
  • Skåne University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
  • Medicinsk genetik

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftLeukemia and Lymphoma
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 maj 19
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa