Surfactant partitioning in cloud droplet activation: a study of C8, C10, C12 and C14 normal fatty acid sodium salts

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Abstract

We have measured critical supersaturations of dried single component particles of sodium caprylate (CH3(CH2)6COONa), sodium caprate (CH3(CH2)8COONa), sodium laurate (CH3(CH2)10COONa) and sodium myristate (CH3(CH2)12COONa), respectively, in the diameter range 33-140 nm at 296 K using a static thermal gradient diffusion cloud condensation nucleus counter. These fatty acid sodium salts are surface active molecules which have all been identified in atmospheric aerosol particles. Experimental critical supersaturations increased systematically with increasing carbon chain length and were in the range 0.96-1.34% for particles with a dry diameter of 40 nm. The experimental data were modeled using Köhler theory modified to account for partitioning of the surface active fatty acid sodium salts between the droplet bulk and surface as well as Köhler theory including surface tension reduction without accounting for surfactant partitioning. It was found that Köhler theory using the reduced surface tension with no account for surfactant partitioning under predicts experimental critical supersaturations significantly, whereas Köhler theory modified to account for surfactant partitioning reproduced the experimental data well.

Detaljer

Författare
Externa organisationer
  • University of Copenhagen
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Naturgeografi
  • Subatomär fysik
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor416-431
Volym60
Tidskrift/dags-eller nyhetstidningTellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
StatusPublished - 2008
PublikationskategoriForskning