Survival of Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 9843 (299v), and effect on the short-chain fatty acid content of faeces after ingestion of a rose-hip drink with fermented oats

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Bibtex

@article{103ab787a76c4961825570c2d02f556b,
title = "Survival of Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 9843 (299v), and effect on the short-chain fatty acid content of faeces after ingestion of a rose-hip drink with fermented oats",
abstract = "In a controlled and randomised double-blind study, 26 healthy adult volunteers consumed, for 21 d, 400 ml of a rose-hip drink containing oats (0.7 g/100ml) fermented with Lactobacillus plantarum DSM 9843 (RHL; containing 5 x 10(7) cfu ml(-1)), and 22 volunteers in a second group the same amount of a pure rose-hip drink (RH). Significant increases in the total faecal concentration of carboxylic acids (P < 0.05 after 1 week and P < 0.01 after 3 weeks of intake), acetic acid (P < 0.01 after 3 weeks of intake) and propionic acid (P < 0.01 after 3 weeks of intake and P < 0.05 eight days after intake ceased) were recorded in the RHL group, indicating increased fermentation in the colon. In both groups a significant increase was obtained in the concentration of faecal lactic acid (P < 0.001 after 1 and 3 weeks of intake). No changes were seen in the concentration of faecal butyrate. The numbers of faecal bifidobacteria and lactobacilli increased significantly in both groups after 3 weeks of intake. Sulphite-reducing clostridia rapidly decreased in the group receiving the product with Lb. plantarum DSM 9843 after 1 week of intake, and then also in the pure rose-hip group after 3 weeks of intake. No changes were seen in the numbers of total anaerobes, gram-negative anaerobes or total aerobes during administration. Lb. plantarum DSM 9843 was recovered in faeces from all volunteers in the RHL group. Median amounts were 7.0 (5.0-8.8) log10 cfu g(-1) after one week of intake, and 6.7 (5.0-8.9) log10 cfu g(-1) after 3 weeks, respectively. The strain was still recovered from faeces of five volunteers 8 d after administration ceased (> 4.8 log10 cfu g(-1)). During the period of intake the volunteers in the RHL group experienced a significant increase in stool volume, a significant decrease in flatulence and slightly softer stools. Volunteers in the RH group experienced a slight but significant decrease in stool volume.",
keywords = "Adult, Avena, Beverages, Carboxylic Acids/analysis, Defecation/physiology, Double-Blind Method, Fatty Acids, Volatile/analysis, Feces/chemistry, Female, Fermentation, Humans, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Lactobacillus/isolation & purification, Male, Middle Aged, Probiotics",
author = "Johansson, {M L} and S Nobaek and A Berggren and M Nyman and I Bj{\"o}rck and S Ahrn{\'e} and B Jeppsson and G Molin",
year = "1998",
month = "6",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/S0168-1605(98)00055-5",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "29--38",
journal = "International Journal of Food Microbiology",
issn = "0168-1605",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-2",

}