Swedish healthcare under pressure
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Översiktsartikel
Swedish healthcare, run by local governments at both the regional (county) and the municipal levels, has been under pressure during the last 15 years, following increased scrutiny of performance and demand for cost-containment. Health-care expenditures per capita and levels of resource inputs have grown, but more slowly than in other EU countries. At the same time, the number of elderly people has increased, as have options for medical treatment. In the late 1980s, several local governments referred to long waiting-lists for elective treatment and anecdotal evidence of inefficiency and poor responsiveness when arguing for market-oriented reforms. A purchaser-provider split followed, and so did changes in the payment systems for health-care providers. According to the available evidence, these reforms yielded an increased volume of services in the short run; but traditional hierarchical management soon replaced the new incentives. Moreover, evidence suggests that changes introduced by the national government, and the deteriorating funding conditions together with a continued use of new medical technology, have had more far-reaching effects on health-care output and outcome than local-government reforms.
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Utgåva nummer||SUPPL. 1|
|Status||Published - 2005 sep 1|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|