Sympathetic and parasympathetic neuropathy are frequent in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.

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Sympathetic and parasympathetic neuropathy are frequent in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. / Freccero, Carolin; Svensson, Henry; Wollmer, Per; Sundkvist, Göran.

I: Diabetes Care, Vol. 27, Nr. 12, 2004, s. 2936-2941.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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T1 - Sympathetic and parasympathetic neuropathy are frequent in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients.

AU - Freccero, Carolin

AU - Svensson, Henry

AU - Wollmer, Per

AU - Sundkvist, Göran

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - OBJECTIVE—The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of sympathetic versus parasympathetic neuropathy among type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—There were 43 patients with type 1 and 17 with type 2 diabetes who were investigated. Sympathetic nerve function was assessed by measurement of the vasoconstriction (VAC) index by laser Doppler perfusion imaging of a locally heated finger followed by indirect cooling. Parasympathetic nerve function was assessed by R-R interval variation during deep breathing as measured by the expiration/inspiration (E/I) ratio. Results were expressed as age-corrected z scores in SD; VAC index >1.64 SD and E/I ratio <−1.64 SD were considered abnormal. RESULTS—VAC index was abnormal in 40% with type 1 and 41% with type 2 diabetes, whereas the E/I ratio was abnormal in 42% with type 1 and 65% with type 2 diabetes. There was a clear association between VAC index and E/I ratio among type 1 (rs = 0.525; P = 0.0002) but not among type 2 (rs = 0.10) diabetic patients. Among type 2 diabetic patients, the degree of dysfunction was most severe regarding parasympathetic function (P = 0.0167). CONCLUSIONS—Sympathetic and parasympathetic neuropathy were frequent in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. However, there was a difference between the two types of diabetes. Sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve functions correlated in type 1 but not in type 2 diabetic patients. The explanation for this discrepancy might be that parasympathetic nerve function was most severely affected among type 2 diabetic patients.

AB - OBJECTIVE—The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of sympathetic versus parasympathetic neuropathy among type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—There were 43 patients with type 1 and 17 with type 2 diabetes who were investigated. Sympathetic nerve function was assessed by measurement of the vasoconstriction (VAC) index by laser Doppler perfusion imaging of a locally heated finger followed by indirect cooling. Parasympathetic nerve function was assessed by R-R interval variation during deep breathing as measured by the expiration/inspiration (E/I) ratio. Results were expressed as age-corrected z scores in SD; VAC index >1.64 SD and E/I ratio <−1.64 SD were considered abnormal. RESULTS—VAC index was abnormal in 40% with type 1 and 41% with type 2 diabetes, whereas the E/I ratio was abnormal in 42% with type 1 and 65% with type 2 diabetes. There was a clear association between VAC index and E/I ratio among type 1 (rs = 0.525; P = 0.0002) but not among type 2 (rs = 0.10) diabetic patients. Among type 2 diabetic patients, the degree of dysfunction was most severe regarding parasympathetic function (P = 0.0167). CONCLUSIONS—Sympathetic and parasympathetic neuropathy were frequent in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. However, there was a difference between the two types of diabetes. Sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve functions correlated in type 1 but not in type 2 diabetic patients. The explanation for this discrepancy might be that parasympathetic nerve function was most severely affected among type 2 diabetic patients.

U2 - 10.2337/diacare.27.12.2936

DO - 10.2337/diacare.27.12.2936

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 2936

EP - 2941

JO - Diabetes Reviews

T2 - Diabetes Reviews

JF - Diabetes Reviews

SN - 1935-5548

IS - 12

ER -