Synthesis and magnetic characterization of MnAs nanoparticles via nanoparticle conversion
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We report on the synthesis of ferromagnetic manganese arsenide (MnAs) nanoparticles via the conversion of primary Mn particles which are generated in an aerosol process in a spark discharge generator. After sintering and size selection in an aerosol setup, the particles are deposited on GaAs(100) B and Si(111) substrates. Subsequent conversion to MnAs particles takes place in an annealing process under a hydrogen atmosphere with an arsine background pressure. The magnetic properties are studied using a SQUID magnetometer. The annealed MnAs particles exhibit hexagonal facets and show anisotropic magnetic behaviour on GaAs(100) B substrates, whereas on Si(111) they remain spherical and show isotropic magnetic behaviour. Scanning transmission electron microscopy studies are used to confirm the conversion from Mn to MnAs.