Systemic administration of Neuregulin-1ß(1) protects dopaminergic neurons in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease.
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Neuregulin-1 (Nrg1) is genetically linked to schizophrenia, a disease caused by neurodevelopmental imbalance in dopaminergic function. The Nrg1 receptor ErbB4 is abundantly expressed on midbrain dopaminergic neurons. Nrg1 has been shown to penetrate blood-brain barrier, and peripherally administered Nrg1 activates ErbB4 and leads to a persistent hyperdopaminergic state in neonatal mice. These data prompted us to study the effect of peripheral administration of Nrg1 in the context of Parkinson's disease, a neurodegenerative disorder affecting the dopaminergic system in the adult brain. We observed that systemic injections of the extracellular domain of Nrg1ß(1) (Nrg1ß(1) -ECD) increased dopamine levels in the substantia nigra and striatum of adult mice. Nrg1ß(1) -ECD injections also significantly protected the mouse nigrostriatal dopaminergic system morphologically and functionally against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced toxicity in vivo. Moreover, Nrg1ß(1) -ECD also protected human dopaminergic neurons in vitro against 6-hydroxydopamine. In conclusion, we have identified Nrg1ß(1) -ECD as a neurotrophic factor for adult mouse and human midbrain dopaminergic neurons with peripheral administratability, warranting further investigation as therapeutic option for PD patients.
|Enheter & grupper|
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Tidskrift||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|Status||Published - 2011|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|