SYT-SSX is critical for cyclin D1 expression in synovial sarcoma cells: A gain of function of the t(X;18)(p11.2;q11.2) translocation

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The SYT-SSX fusion gene has been implicated in the malignant tumor cell growth of synovial sarcoma, but the underlying molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. Here we demonstrate that SYT-SSX is critical for the protein level of cyclin D1 in synovial sarcoma cells. Antisense oligonucleotides to SYT-SSX mRNA rapidly and drastically decreased cyclin D1 and subsequently inhibited cell growth. This effect is specific for SYT-SSX, without involving the wild-type genes SYT or SSX. The decrease in cyclin D1 expression, which occurred shortly after inhibition of SYT-SSX expression, was found to be primarily dependent on an increased degradation of the cyclin D1 protein, as assessed by pulse-chase experiments using [S-35]methionine. Furthermore, transfection of mouse fibroblasts with SYT-SSX cDNA increased the stability of cyclin D1. Because treatment with a proteasome inhibitor restored cyclin D1 expression, it seems like SYT-SSX interferes with ubiquitin-dependent degradation of cyclin D1. However, SYT-SSX-regulated cyclin D1 expression was proven to be independent of the glycogen synthetase kinase-3beta pathway. Taken together, our study provides evidence that SYT-SSX stabilizes cyclin D1 and is critical for cyclin D1 expression in synovial sarcoma cells. SYT-SSX-dependent expression of cyclin D1 may be an important mechanism in the development and progression of synovial sarcoma and also raises the possibility for targeted therapy.


  • YT Xie
  • B Skytting
  • G Nilsson
  • A Gasbarri
  • K Haslam
  • A Bartolazzi
  • B Brodin
  • Nils Mandahl
  • O Larsson
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Medicinsk genetik
Sidor (från-till)3861-3867
TidskriftCancer Research
Utgåva nummer13
StatusPublished - 2002
Peer review utfördJa