Targeting Aquaporin-4 Subcellular Localization to Treat Central Nervous System Edema

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Swelling of the brain or spinal cord (CNS edema) affects millions of people every year. All potential pharmacological interventions have failed in clinical trials, meaning that symptom management is the only treatment option. The water channel protein aquaporin-4 (AQP4) is expressed in astrocytes and mediates water flux across the blood-brain and blood-spinal cord barriers. Here we show that AQP4 cell-surface abundance increases in response to hypoxia-induced cell swelling in a calmodulin-dependent manner. Calmodulin directly binds the AQP4 carboxyl terminus, causing a specific conformational change and driving AQP4 cell-surface localization. Inhibition of calmodulin in a rat spinal cord injury model with the licensed drug trifluoperazine inhibited AQP4 localization to the blood-spinal cord barrier, ablated CNS edema, and led to accelerated functional recovery compared with untreated animals. We propose that targeting the mechanism of calmodulin-mediated cell-surface localization of AQP4 is a viable strategy for development of CNS edema therapies.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Aston University
  • Harvard Medical School
  • Boston Children's Hospital
  • University of Birmingham
  • University of Calgary
  • University of Copenhagen
  • University of Wolverhampton
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)784-799.e19
TidskriftCell
Volym181
Utgåva nummer4
StatusPublished - 2020
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa