Targeting human fear of large carnivores — Many ideas but few known effects

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


This paper reviews the peer-reviewed scientific literature on interventions aimed to reduce human fear of large carnivores in human-large carnivore conflicts. Based on psychological theories, a wide definition of fear was adopted, including fear as an emotion, as a perception and as an attitude. Four major categories of interventions were identified: information and education, exposure to animal and habitat, collaboration and participation, and financial incentives. Each of these categories may have a potential to reduce fear responses. The scientific literature on the effect of interventions addressing human fear of large carnivores is scarce and partly contradictory, which makes it difficult for wildlife managers to rely on current research when designing appropriate interventions.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
  • Mittuniversitetet

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Psykologi


Sidor (från-till)261-269
Antal sidor8
TidskriftBiological Conservation
StatusPublished - 2016 jul 11
Peer review utfördJa