Temporally fluctuating prey and interfering predators: a positive feedback

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Prey densities often show fluctuating patterns over various timescales. Focusing on short-term, within-generation fluctuating patterns of local prey availability, we suggest that prey that show synchronized and high-amplitude fluctuations in availability experience decreased risks of predation, but also enhance the maintenance of predator interference hierarchies by affecting the relative foraging success of unequal conspecific interferers. When predators interfere with each other, they forage less intensely on prey, which benefits prey in terms of decreased predation risk. The system hence involves a positive feedback. We thus argue that short-term temporal fluctuations in local prey availability could be an important mechanism behind how interference-structured social predator systems are developed and sustained. The temporal fluctuations also have implications for the phenotypic diversity of predators, and may be involved in speciation processes.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ekologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)159-165
TidskriftAnimal Behaviour
Volym68
Utgivningsnummer1
StatusPublished - 2004
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa