Ten essentials for action-oriented and second order energy transitions, transformations and climate change research

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title = "Ten essentials for action-oriented and second order energy transitions, transformations and climate change research",
abstract = "The most critical question for climate research is no longer about the problem, but about how to facilitate the transformative changes necessary to avoid catastrophic climate-induced change. Addressing this question, however, will require massive upscaling of research that can rapidly enhance learning about transformations. Ten essentials for guiding action-oriented transformation and energy research are therefore presented, framed in relation to second-order science. They include: (1) Focus on transformations to low-carbon, resilient living; (2) Focus on solution processes; (3) Focus on {\textquoteleft}how to{\textquoteright} practical knowledge; (4) Approach research as occurring from within the system being intervened; (5) Work with normative aspects; (6) Seek to transcend current thinking; (7) Take a multi-faceted approach to understand and shape change; (8) Acknowledge the value of alternative roles of researchers; (9) Encourage second-order experimentation; and (10) Be reflexive. Joint application of the essentials would create highly adaptive, reflexive, collaborative and impact-oriented research able to enhance capacity to respond to the climate challenge. At present, however, the practice of such approaches is limited and constrained by dominance of other approaches. For wider transformations to low carbon living and energy systems to occur, transformations will therefore also be needed in the way in which knowledge is produced and used.",
keywords = "Action research, Sustainability, Sustainability transitions, Transdisciplinarity",
author = "Ioan Fazey and Niko Sch{\"a}pke and Guido Caniglia and James Patterson and Johan Hultman and {van Mierlo}, Barbara and Filippa S{\"a}we and Arnim Wiek and Julia Wittmayer and Paulina Aldunce and {Al Waer}, Husam and Nandini Battacharya and Hilary Bradbury and Esther Carmen and John Colvin and Christopher Cvitanovic and Marcella D'Souza and Maja Gopel and Bruce Goldstein and Timo H{\"a}m{\"a}l{\"a}inen and Gavin Harper and Tom Henfry and Anthony Hodgson and Howden, {Mark S.} and Andy Kerr and Matthias Klaes and Christopher Lyon and Gerald Midgley and Susanne Moser and Nandan Mukherjee and Karl M{\"u}ller and Karen O'Brien and O'Connell, {Deborah A.} and Per Olsson and Glenn Page and Reed, {Mark S.} and Beverley Searle and Giorgia Silvestri and Viktoria Spaiser and Tim Strasser and Petra Tschakert and Natalia Uribe-Calvo and Steve Waddell and Jennifer Rao-Williams and Russell Wise and Ruth Wolstenholme and Mel Woods and Carina Wyborn",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.erss.2017.11.026",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "54--70",
journal = "Energy Research & Social Science",
issn = "2214-6326",
publisher = "Elsevier",