Testing for Occupational Crowding in Eighteenth-Century British Agriculture

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


In the unskilled labor market of Industrial Revolution Britain, there was a distinct division of labor between the sexes. This occupational sorting may have been caused by gender discrimination, but, because men and women had different comparative advantages, it could also have been produced by a competitive market. This paper attempts to determine whether the division of labor resulted from discrimination in the form of occupational crowding by testing whether men and women were substitutes. Data on the employment of English farm servants in 1770 indicate that employers were willing to substitute male and female workers, which implies that the division of labor between the sexes was influenced by economic motivations, and was not determined by gender ideology alone.


  • Joyce Burnette
Externa organisationer
  • University of Valparaíso

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ekonomisk historia


Sidor (från-till)319-345
Antal sidor27
TidskriftExplorations in Economic History
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 1996
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa