The cost of an immune response: vaccination reduces parental effort

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The cost of an immune response: vaccination reduces parental effort. / Råberg, Lars; Nilsson, Jan-Åke; Ilmonen, P; Stjernman, Martin; Hasselquist, Dennis.

I: Ecology Letters, Vol. 3, Nr. 5, 2000, s. 382-386.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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T1 - The cost of an immune response: vaccination reduces parental effort

AU - Råberg, Lars

AU - Nilsson, Jan-Åke

AU - Ilmonen, P

AU - Stjernman, Martin

AU - Hasselquist, Dennis

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - A fundamental assumption of theories of the ecology and evolution of inducible defences is that protective responses to attacks by parasites or predators should not only have benefits, but also costs. The vertebrate immune system is by far the best studied example of an inducible defence, yet little is known about the costs of an immune response, especially in natural populations. To test: if an immune response per se is costly, we induced an antibody response in female blue tits, Parus caeruleus, by immunising them with human diphtheria-tetanus vaccine, and compared their nestling-feeding rate with that of saline-injected controls. We found that vaccinated females reduced their nestling feeding rate, thus demonstrating a cost of the immune response in the currency of parental effort.

AB - A fundamental assumption of theories of the ecology and evolution of inducible defences is that protective responses to attacks by parasites or predators should not only have benefits, but also costs. The vertebrate immune system is by far the best studied example of an inducible defence, yet little is known about the costs of an immune response, especially in natural populations. To test: if an immune response per se is costly, we induced an antibody response in female blue tits, Parus caeruleus, by immunising them with human diphtheria-tetanus vaccine, and compared their nestling-feeding rate with that of saline-injected controls. We found that vaccinated females reduced their nestling feeding rate, thus demonstrating a cost of the immune response in the currency of parental effort.

U2 - 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2000.00154.x

DO - 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2000.00154.x

M3 - Article

VL - 3

SP - 382

EP - 386

JO - Ecology Letters

T2 - Ecology Letters

JF - Ecology Letters

SN - 1461-023X

IS - 5

ER -