The effects of oil extraction methods on recovery yield and emulsifying properties of proteins from rapeseed meal and press cake

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The effects of oil extraction methods on recovery yield and emulsifying properties of proteins from rapeseed meal and press cake. / Östbring, Karolina; Malmqvist, Emma; Nilsson, Kajsa; Rosenlind, Ia; Rayner, Marilyn.

I: Foods, Vol. 9, Nr. 1, 19, 01.01.2020.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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T1 - The effects of oil extraction methods on recovery yield and emulsifying properties of proteins from rapeseed meal and press cake

AU - Östbring, Karolina

AU - Malmqvist, Emma

AU - Nilsson, Kajsa

AU - Rosenlind, Ia

AU - Rayner, Marilyn

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - The agricultural sector is thought to be responsible for around 30% of the anthropogenic climate change and it is well established that high meat consumption has a tremendous impact on the environment. Rapeseed is mainly used for production of vegetable oil, but press cake has high protein content with the potential for incorporation into new plant protein-based foods. Protein was recovered from press cakes generated from different oil pressing processes. Industrially cold-pressed, hot-pressed, and solvent-extracted rapeseed press cake and the effect of heat treatment in the recovery process was assessed. Protein recovery yield, protein concentration and emulsifying properties were analyzed. Cold-pressed rapeseed press cake (RPC) recovered in the absence of heat, yielded the highest protein recovery (45%) followed by hot-pressed rapeseed meal (RM) (26%) and solvent-extracted RM (5%). Exposure to heat during recovery significantly reduced the yield for cold-pressed RPC but no difference was found for hot-pressed RM. The protein recovery yield was improved for solvent-extracted RM when heat was applied in the recovery process. The ability to stabilize emulsions was highest for protein recovered from cold-pressed RPC, followed by hot-pressed RM and solvent-extracted RM, and was in the same range as commercial emulsifying agents. Heat treatment during recovery significantly reduced the emulsifying properties for all pressing methods examined. This study suggests that cold-pressed rapeseed press cake without heat in the recovery process could be a successful strategy for an efficient recovery of rapeseed protein with good emulsifying properties.

AB - The agricultural sector is thought to be responsible for around 30% of the anthropogenic climate change and it is well established that high meat consumption has a tremendous impact on the environment. Rapeseed is mainly used for production of vegetable oil, but press cake has high protein content with the potential for incorporation into new plant protein-based foods. Protein was recovered from press cakes generated from different oil pressing processes. Industrially cold-pressed, hot-pressed, and solvent-extracted rapeseed press cake and the effect of heat treatment in the recovery process was assessed. Protein recovery yield, protein concentration and emulsifying properties were analyzed. Cold-pressed rapeseed press cake (RPC) recovered in the absence of heat, yielded the highest protein recovery (45%) followed by hot-pressed rapeseed meal (RM) (26%) and solvent-extracted RM (5%). Exposure to heat during recovery significantly reduced the yield for cold-pressed RPC but no difference was found for hot-pressed RM. The protein recovery yield was improved for solvent-extracted RM when heat was applied in the recovery process. The ability to stabilize emulsions was highest for protein recovered from cold-pressed RPC, followed by hot-pressed RM and solvent-extracted RM, and was in the same range as commercial emulsifying agents. Heat treatment during recovery significantly reduced the emulsifying properties for all pressing methods examined. This study suggests that cold-pressed rapeseed press cake without heat in the recovery process could be a successful strategy for an efficient recovery of rapeseed protein with good emulsifying properties.

KW - Emulsifying properties

KW - Plant proteins

KW - Protein recovery

KW - Rapeseed press cake

U2 - 10.3390/foods9010019

DO - 10.3390/foods9010019

M3 - Article

VL - 9

JO - Foods

JF - Foods

SN - 2304-8158

IS - 1

M1 - 19

ER -