The expression pattern of laminin isoforms in Hirschsprung disease reveals a distal peripheral nerve differentiation

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Abstract

Hirschsprung disease (HD), a developmental disorder, is associated with failure of enteric ganglia formation. Signaling molecules, including secreted basement membrane molecules, derived from the mesenchyme of the gut wall play an important role in the colonization and/or differentiation of the enteric nervous system. The current study aims to define the possible alterations of laminins involved in the pathogenesis of HD. Expression of the various laminin alpha, beta, and gamma chains, was assessed in the aganglionic, transitional, and ganglionic bowel segments of patients with HD or with other motor disorders. Cytoskeletal, neuronal, and glial markers were also included in this study. The major finding highlighted by the present work concerns the clear identification and location of myenteric aganglionic plexuses in HD with some of the laminin antibodies, which reveal a peripheral nerve type of differentiation. Furthermore, we could show an increase of laminin alpha 5 chain immunostaining in the dilated muscle of the ganglionic bowel upstream the distal aganglionic region in a subgroup of patients with HD, as well as a relocalization of laminin alpha 2 chain in the subepithelial basement membrane. Overall, these basement membrane molecules could provide useful markers for diagnosis of aganglionosis or hypoganglionosis.

Detaljer

Författare
  • F Alpy
  • U Ritie
  • F Jaubert
  • F Becmeur
  • A Mechine-Neuville
  • O Lefebvre
  • C Arnold
  • Lydia Sorokin
  • M Kedinger
  • P Simon-Assmann
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1055-1065
TidskriftHuman Pathology
Volym36
Utgivningsnummer10
StatusPublished - 2005
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa