The G Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor 1 (GPER1/GPR30) Agonist G-1 Regulates Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Ca Handling.

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Abstract

The G protein-coupled estrogen receptor GPER1/GPR30 is implicated in blood pressure regulation but the mechanisms are not identified. Here, we hypothesize that GPER1 controls blood pressure by regulating vascular smooth muscle cell Ca(2+) handling. Treatment with the GPER1 agonist G-1 (in the µM concentration range) acutely reduced spontaneous and synchronous Ca(2+) spike activity in A7r5 vascular smooth muscle cells expressing mRNA for GPER1. Furthermore, G-1 (1 µM) attenuated the thromboxane A2 analogue U46619-stimulated Ca(2+) spike activity but had no effect on the U46619-induced increase in the basal level of Ca(2+). The voltage-sensitive L-type Ca(2+) channel blocker nifedipine (100 nM) reduced Ca(2+) spike activity similar to G-1. Pharmacological, but not physiological, concentrations of the estrogen 17β-estradiol reduced Ca(2+) spike activity. The GPER1 antagonist G-15 blocked G-1-induced downregulation of Ca(2+) spike activity, supporting a GPER1-dependent mechanism. G-1 (1 µM) and nifedipine (100 nM) attenuated the 30-mM KCl-evoked rise in intracellular Ca(2+) concentration, suggesting that G-1 blocks inflow of Ca(2+) via voltage-sensitive Ca(2+) channels. In conclusion, we demonstrate that the GPER1 agonist G-1 regulates vascular smooth muscle cell Ca(2+) handling by lowering Ca(2+) spike activity, suggesting a role for this mechanism in GPER1-mediated control of blood pressure. © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kardiologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)421-429
TidskriftJournal of Vascular Research
Volym50
Utgåva nummer5
StatusPublished - 2013
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

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