THE Gaia-ESO Survey: Metal-rich bananas in the bulge

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THE Gaia-ESO Survey : Metal-rich bananas in the bulge. / Williams, Angus A.; Evans, N. W.; Molloy, Matthew; Kordopatis, Georges; Smith, M. C.; Shen, J.; Gilmore, G.; Randich, S.; Bensby, T.; Francois, P.; Koposov, S. E.; Recio-Blanco, A.; Bayo, A.; Carraro, G.; Casey, A.; Costado, T.; Franciosini, E.; Hourihane, A.; Laverny, P. De; Lewis, J.; Lind, K.; Magrini, L.; Monaco, L.; Morbidelli, L.; Sacco, G. G.; Worley, C.; Zaggia, S.; Mikolaitis.

I: Astrophysical Journal Letters, Vol. 824, Nr. 2, L29, 20.06.2016.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Williams, AA, Evans, NW, Molloy, M, Kordopatis, G, Smith, MC, Shen, J, Gilmore, G, Randich, S, Bensby, T, Francois, P, Koposov, SE, Recio-Blanco, A, Bayo, A, Carraro, G, Casey, A, Costado, T, Franciosini, E, Hourihane, A, Laverny, PD, Lewis, J, Lind, K, Magrini, L, Monaco, L, Morbidelli, L, Sacco, GG, Worley, C, Zaggia, S & Mikolaitis 2016, 'THE Gaia-ESO Survey: Metal-rich bananas in the bulge', Astrophysical Journal Letters, vol. 824, nr. 2, L29. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/824/2/L29

APA

Williams, A. A., Evans, N. W., Molloy, M., Kordopatis, G., Smith, M. C., Shen, J., Gilmore, G., Randich, S., Bensby, T., Francois, P., Koposov, S. E., Recio-Blanco, A., Bayo, A., Carraro, G., Casey, A., Costado, T., Franciosini, E., Hourihane, A., Laverny, P. D., ... Mikolaitis (2016). THE Gaia-ESO Survey: Metal-rich bananas in the bulge. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 824(2), [L29]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/824/2/L29

CBE

Williams AA, Evans NW, Molloy M, Kordopatis G, Smith MC, Shen J, Gilmore G, Randich S, Bensby T, Francois P, Koposov SE, Recio-Blanco A, Bayo A, Carraro G, Casey A, Costado T, Franciosini E, Hourihane A, Laverny PD, Lewis J, Lind K, Magrini L, Monaco L, Morbidelli L, Sacco GG, Worley C, Zaggia S, Mikolaitis. 2016. THE Gaia-ESO Survey: Metal-rich bananas in the bulge. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 824(2):Article L29. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/824/2/L29

MLA

Vancouver

Williams AA, Evans NW, Molloy M, Kordopatis G, Smith MC, Shen J et al. THE Gaia-ESO Survey: Metal-rich bananas in the bulge. Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2016 jun 20;824(2). L29. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8205/824/2/L29

Author

Williams, Angus A. ; Evans, N. W. ; Molloy, Matthew ; Kordopatis, Georges ; Smith, M. C. ; Shen, J. ; Gilmore, G. ; Randich, S. ; Bensby, T. ; Francois, P. ; Koposov, S. E. ; Recio-Blanco, A. ; Bayo, A. ; Carraro, G. ; Casey, A. ; Costado, T. ; Franciosini, E. ; Hourihane, A. ; Laverny, P. De ; Lewis, J. ; Lind, K. ; Magrini, L. ; Monaco, L. ; Morbidelli, L. ; Sacco, G. G. ; Worley, C. ; Zaggia, S. ; Mikolaitis. / THE Gaia-ESO Survey : Metal-rich bananas in the bulge. I: Astrophysical Journal Letters. 2016 ; Vol. 824, Nr. 2.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - THE Gaia-ESO Survey

T2 - Metal-rich bananas in the bulge

AU - Williams, Angus A.

AU - Evans, N. W.

AU - Molloy, Matthew

AU - Kordopatis, Georges

AU - Smith, M. C.

AU - Shen, J.

AU - Gilmore, G.

AU - Randich, S.

AU - Bensby, T.

AU - Francois, P.

AU - Koposov, S. E.

AU - Recio-Blanco, A.

AU - Bayo, A.

AU - Carraro, G.

AU - Casey, A.

AU - Costado, T.

AU - Franciosini, E.

AU - Hourihane, A.

AU - Laverny, P. De

AU - Lewis, J.

AU - Lind, K.

AU - Magrini, L.

AU - Monaco, L.

AU - Morbidelli, L.

AU - Sacco, G. G.

AU - Worley, C.

AU - Zaggia, S.

AU - Mikolaitis,

PY - 2016/6/20

Y1 - 2016/6/20

N2 - We analyze the kinematics of ∼2000 giant stars in the direction of the Galactic bulge, extracted from the Gaia-ESO survey in the region -10° ≲ l≲ 10° and -11° ≲ b ≲ -3°. We find distinct kinematic trends in the metal-rich ([M H] > 0) and metal-poor ([M H] <0) stars in the data. The velocity dispersion of the metal-rich stars drops steeply with latitude, compared to a flat profile in the metal-poor stars, as has been seen previously. We argue that the metal-rich stars in this region are mostly on orbits that support the boxy-peanut shape of the bulge, which naturally explains the drop in their velocity dispersion profile with latitude. The metal-rich stars also exhibit peaky features in their line of sight velocity histograms, particularly along the minor axis of the bulge. We propose that these features are due to stars on resonant orbits supporting the boxy-peanut bulge. This conjecture is strengthened through the comparison of the minor axis data with the velocity histograms of resonant orbits generated in simulations of buckled bars. The "banana" or 2:1:2 orbits provide strongly bimodal histograms with narrow velocity peaks that resemble the Gaia-ESO metal-rich data.

AB - We analyze the kinematics of ∼2000 giant stars in the direction of the Galactic bulge, extracted from the Gaia-ESO survey in the region -10° ≲ l≲ 10° and -11° ≲ b ≲ -3°. We find distinct kinematic trends in the metal-rich ([M H] > 0) and metal-poor ([M H] <0) stars in the data. The velocity dispersion of the metal-rich stars drops steeply with latitude, compared to a flat profile in the metal-poor stars, as has been seen previously. We argue that the metal-rich stars in this region are mostly on orbits that support the boxy-peanut shape of the bulge, which naturally explains the drop in their velocity dispersion profile with latitude. The metal-rich stars also exhibit peaky features in their line of sight velocity histograms, particularly along the minor axis of the bulge. We propose that these features are due to stars on resonant orbits supporting the boxy-peanut bulge. This conjecture is strengthened through the comparison of the minor axis data with the velocity histograms of resonant orbits generated in simulations of buckled bars. The "banana" or 2:1:2 orbits provide strongly bimodal histograms with narrow velocity peaks that resemble the Gaia-ESO metal-rich data.

KW - galaxies: general

KW - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

KW - Galaxy: bulge

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84976444253&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3847/2041-8205/824/2/L29

DO - 10.3847/2041-8205/824/2/L29

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84976444253

VL - 824

JO - Astrophysical Journal Letters

JF - Astrophysical Journal Letters

SN - 2041-8213

IS - 2

M1 - L29

ER -