The GALAH survey: Accurate radial velocities and library of observed stellar template spectra

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GALAH is a large-scale magnitude-limited southern stellar spectroscopic survey. Its second data release (GALAH DR2) provides values of stellar parameters and abundances of 23 elements for 342 682 stars (Buder et al.). Here we add a description of the public release of radial velocities with a typical accuracy of 0.1 km s -1 for 336 215 of these stars, achievable due to the large wavelength coverage, high resolving power, and good signal-to-noise ratio of the observed spectra, but also because convective motions in stellar atmosphere and gravitational redshift from the star to the observer are taken into account. In the process we derive medians of observed spectra that are nearly noiseless, as they are obtained from between 100 and 1116 observed spectra belonging to the same bin with a width of 50 K in temperature, 0.2 dex in gravity, and 0.1 dex in metallicity. Publicly released 1181 median spectra have a resolving power of 28 000 and trace the well-populated stellar types with metallicities between -0.6 and +0.3. Note that radial velocities from GALAH are an excellent match to the accuracy of velocity components along the sky plane derived by Gaia for the same stars. The level of accuracy achieved here is adequate for studies of dynamics within stellar clusters, associations, and streams in the Galaxy. So it may be relevant for studies of the distribution of dark matter.


  • Tomaž Zwitter
  • Janez Kos
  • Andrea Chiavassa
  • Sven Buder
  • Klemen Čotar
  • Jane Lin
  • Martin Asplund
  • Joss Bland-Hawthorn
  • Andrew R. Casey
  • Gayandhi De Silva
  • Ly Duong
  • Kenneth C. Freeman
  • Karin Lind
  • Sarah Martell
  • Valentina D'Orazi
  • Katharine J. Schlesinger
  • Jeffrey D. Simpson
  • Sanjib Sharma
  • Daniel B. Zucker
  • Borja Anguiano
  • Luca Casagrande
  • Remo Collet
  • Jonathan Horner
  • Michael J. Ireland
  • Prajwal R. Kafle
  • Geraint Lewis
  • Ulisse Munari
  • David M. Nataf
  • Melissa Ness
  • Thomas Nordlander
  • Dennis Stello
  • Yuan Sen Ting
  • Chris G. Tinney
  • Fred Watson
  • Rob A. Wittenmyer
  • Maruša Žerja
Externa organisationer
  • University of Ljubljana
  • University of Sydney
  • Côte d'Azur Observatory
  • Max Planck Institute for Astronomy
  • Australian National University
  • Center of Excellence for Astrophysics in Three Dimensions (ASTRO-3D)
  • Monash University
  • Australian Astronomical Observatory
  • Uppsala universitet
  • University of New South Wales
  • INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova
  • Macquarie University, Sydney
  • University of Virginia
  • Aarhus University
  • University of Southern Queensland
  • University of Western Australia, Crawley
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton
  • Carnegie Observatories
  • Princeton University
  • Western Sydney University

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Astronomi, astrofysik och kosmologi


Sidor (från-till)645-654
Antal sidor10
TidskriftMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 2018 nov 21
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa