The incidence of diabetes among 0-34 year olds in Sweden: new data and better methods

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Aims/hypothesis We reassessed the validity of previously reported incidence rates for type 1 diabetes in 0-34 year olds in Sweden. We estimated new incidence rates through three nationwide registers. Methods We used capture-recapture methods to assess ascertainment in the Diabetes Incidence Study in Sweden (DISS) and estimated incidence rates in the 20-34 year age group for 2007-2009. We examined whether incidence rates in patients aged 34 and younger could be estimated through the Prescribed Drug Register (PDR) via a proxy for diagnosis of type 1 diabetes; men with at least one and women with at least three prescriptions for insulin were included if they had not been given oral glucose-lowering drugs. We scrutinised the proxy by comparing incidence rates in patients aged 14 and younger with the Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register (SCDR), which has 95-99% ascertainment, and by assessing diabetes type among 18-34 year olds in the National Diabetes Register (NDR). Results Incidence rates were two to three times higher than previously reported. The absolute number of cases (2007-2009, age 20-34) was 435 in the DISS, 923 in the NDR, 1,217 in the PDR, 1,431 in all three and 1,617 per the capture-recapture method. Ascertainment in the DISS was similar to 29% for 2007-2009. The proxy diagnosis in the PDR was highly reliable, while the capture-recapture method presumably generated an overestimate. Conclusions/interpretation The incidence of type 1 diabetes in patients aged 34 and younger was two to three times higher than previously reported. The PDR can be used to reliably assess incidence rates in this age group.


  • Araz Rawshani
  • Mona Landin-Olsson
  • Ann-Marie Svensson
  • Lennarth Nystrom
  • Hans J. Arnqvist
  • Jan Bolinder
  • Soffia Gudbjornsdottir
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes


Sidor (från-till)1375-1381
StatusPublished - 2014
Peer review utfördJa