The influence of induced hypothermia and delayed prognostication on the mode of death after cardiac arrest.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Brain injury is considered the main cause of death in patients who are hospitalized after cardiac arrest (CA). Induced hypothermia is recommended as neuroprotective treatment after (CA) but may affect prognostic parameters. We evaluated the effect of delayed neurological prognostication on the mode of death in hypothermia-treated CA-survivors. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study at a Swedish university hospital, analyzing all in-hospital and out-of-hospital CA-patients treated with hypothermia during a 5-year period. Cause of death was categorized as brain injury, cardiac disorder or other. Multimodal neurological prognostication and decision on level of care was performed in comatose patients 72hours after rewarming. Neurological function was evaluated by Cerebral Performance Categories scale (CPC). RESULTS: Among 162 patients, 76 survived to hospital discharge, 65 of whom had a good neurological outcome (CPC 1-2), and 11 were severely disabled (CPC 3). No patient was in vegetative state. The cause of death was classified as brain injury in 61 patients, cardiac disorder in 14 and other in 11. Four patients were declared brain dead and became organ donors. They were significantly younger (median 40 years) and with long time to ROSC. Active intensive care was withdrawn in 50 patients based on a statement of poor neurological prognosis at least 72h after rewarming. These patients died, mainly from respiratory complications, at a median 7 days after CA. CONCLUSION: Following induced hypothermia and delayed neurological prognostication, brain injury remains the main cause of death after CA. Most patients with a poor prognosis statement died within two weeks.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Anestesi och intensivvård
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)337-342
TidskriftResuscitation
Volym84
Utgivningsnummer3
StatusPublished - 2013
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Irina Valentina Dragancea, 2016, Lund: Lund University: Faculty of Medicine. 91 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

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