The interaction between cyanobacteria and zooplankton in a more eutrophic world

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel


As blooms of cyanobacteria expand and intensify in freshwater systems globally, there is increasing interest in their ecological effects. In addition to being public health hazards, cyanobacteria have long been considered a poor quality food for key zooplankton grazers that link phytoplankton to higher trophic levels. While past laboratory studies have found negative effects of nutritional constraints and defensive traits (i.e., toxicity and colonial or filamentous morphology) on the fitness of large generalist grazers (i.e., Daphnia), cyanobacterial blooms often co-exist with high biomass of small-bodied zooplankton in nature. Indeed, recent studies highlight the remarkable diversity and flexibility in zooplankton responses to cyanobacterial prey. Reviewed here are results from a wide range of laboratory and field experiments examining the interaction of cyanobacteria and a diverse zooplankton taxa including cladocerans, copepods, and heterotrophic protists from temperate to tropical freshwater systems. This synthesis shows that longer exposure to cyanobacteria can shift zooplankton communities toward better-adapted species, select for more tolerant genotypes within a species, and induce traits within the lifetime of individual zooplankton. In turn, the function of bloom-dominated plankton ecosystems, the coupling between primary producers and grazers, the stability of blooms, and the potential to use top down biomanipulation for controlling cyanobacteria depend largely on the species, abundance, and traits of interacting cyanobacteria and zooplankton. Understanding the drivers and consequences of zooplankton traits, such as physiological detoxification and selective vs. generalist grazing behavior, are therefore of major importance for future studies. Ultimately, co-evolutionary dynamics between cyanobacteria and their grazers may emerge as a critical regulator of blooms.


  • Kemal Ali Ger
  • Pablo Urrutia-Cordero
  • Paul C. Frost
  • Lars Anders Hansson
  • Orlando Sarnelle
  • Alan E. Wilson
  • Miquel Lürling
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Michigan State University
  • Wageningen University
  • Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Trent University
  • Auburn University
  • Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ekologi
  • Evolutionsbiologi


Sidor (från-till)128-144
Antal sidor17
TidskriftHarmful Algae
StatusPublished - 2016
Peer review utfördJa