The long-run demand for money: a Wicksellian approach

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Abstract

The income velocity of money in several countries such as Sweden, the United States and Great Britain, displays a U-shaped pattern for the last one hundred years. This paper proposes an explanation of this secular behavior based on an extension of Wicksell’s work on velocity emphasizing the influence of institutional changes. The secular fall in velocity in the last half of the 19th century and the first part of the 20th century is regarded as the outcome of a process of monetization encompassing (1) a growing use of money at the expense of a decline in barter and payment in kind, and (2) an increase in the activity of commercial banks with respect to supplying notes and bank deposits to the public. The secular rise in velocity is viewed as the result of two developments, increasing financial sophistication and growing economic security and stability. The explanation suggested here is confronted with some relevant empirical evidence. The paper, being exploratory in character, deals primarily with the Swedish record.

Detaljer

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Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Nationalekonomi
Originalspråkengelska
Titel på värdpublikationThe Theoretical Contributions of Knut Wicksell
RedaktörerSteinar Strøm, Björn Thalberg
FörlagPalgrave Macmillan
Sidor88-102
Antal sidor15
ISBN (elektroniskt)978-1-349-04207-4
ISBN (tryckt)978-1-349-04209-8
StatusPublished - 1979
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa