The need for clean air: The way air pollution and climate change affect allergic rhinitis and asthma

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Abstract

Air pollution and climate change have a significant impact on human health and well-being and contribute to the onset and aggravation of allergic rhinitis and asthma among other chronic respiratory diseases. In Westernized countries, households have experienced a process of increasing insulation and individuals tend to spend most of their time indoors. These sequelae implicate a high exposure to indoor allergens (house dust mites, pets, molds, etc), tobacco smoke, and other pollutants, which have an impact on respiratory health. Outdoor air pollution derived from traffic and other human activities not only has a direct negative effect on human health but also enhances the allergenicity of some plants and contributes to global warming. Climate change modifies the availability and distribution of plant- and fungal-derived allergens and increases the frequency of extreme climate events. This review summarizes the effects of indoor air pollution, outdoor air pollution, and subsequent climate change on asthma and allergic rhinitis in children and adults and addresses the policy adjustments and lifestyle changes required to mitigate their deleterious effects.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Ibon Eguiluz-Gracia
  • Alexander G. Mathioudakis
  • Sabine Bartel
  • Susanne J.H. Vijverberg
  • Elaine Fuertes
  • Pasquale Comberiati
  • Yutong Samuel Cai
  • Peter Valentin Tomazic
  • Zuzana Diamant
  • Jørgen Vestbo
  • Carmen Galan
  • Barbara Hoffmann
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Hospital Regional de Málaga
  • University of Manchester
  • Wythenshawe Hospital
  • Airway Research Center North
  • University Medical Center Groningen
  • Academic Medical Center
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Pisa
  • I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University
  • University of Oxford
  • Medical University of Graz
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Charles University in Prague
  • University of Córdoba, Spain
  • Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Miljömedicin och yrkesmedicin
  • Lungmedicin och allergi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa