The prevalence of publicly stimulated innovations – A comparison of Finland and Sweden, 1970–2013

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

While the role played by the state in stimulating innovation in the private sector has been a prevalent interest in innovation research, studies analysing the impacts of public interventions have usually focused on individual policies, programs or projects. Public stimulation is hence often studied from a relatively restricted and temporarily confined perspective, leaving a macro-level and longer-term perspective unrecognized. This article provides further evidence on the matter by examining how many innovations in Finland and Sweden have been publicly stimulated through funding or research collaboration, over a period of more than four decades (1970–2013). Our main source is a new innovation database constructed following the Literature Based Innovation Output (LBIO) method, which gathers the most significant innovations of both countries for the study period, totalling approximately 4100 Swedish and 2600 Finnish innovations. Our results indicate that the public sector has played a very prominent role in stimulating private innovation in both countries, and with an increasing trend. This is especially true for Finland, where 35–55% of the innovations of the period have been stimulated by public funding and 25–65% by collaboration with public research. In Sweden, the share of publicly stimulated innovations has been somewhat lower and erratic, but has increased over time.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Helsinki
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ekonomisk historia

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftResearch Policy
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2019 feb 19
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

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Astrid Kander, Gergei Farkas, Juha Oksanen, Frank van der Most, Karolin Sjöö, Sara Torregrosa Hetland, Josef Taalbi, Jonas Ljungberg, Axel Ek, Linnea Karlsson, Mathias Johansson, Nina Rilla, Antti Pelkonen, Matthias Deschryvere & Maria Mäntylä

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Projekt: Forskning

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