The roles of response expectancies, basline experiences, and hypnotizability in spontaneous hypnotic experiences

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


This study evaluated factors underlying individual differences
in spontaneous (unsuggested) experiences during hypnosis.
Participants varying in hypnotizability (low, medium, and high) completed
a questionnaire about various dimensions of consciousness they
would expect to experience at the “deepest level of hypnosis” (expectancy),
an eyes-closed resting condition (baseline), and their actual
experiences during “neutral hypnosis” (hypnosis). Responses during
hypnosis were characterized by higher scores in dimensions related to
alterations in conscious experience, affect, and imagery, and lower
scores in rationality and agency. Only highs and mediums evinced
increases in altered experience and body image. Across conditions,
highs reported greater alterations in time experience and lower selfawareness
than other groups. Participants overall tended to overestimate
the changes they would experience in hypnosis. Baseline and
hypnosis correlated in various dimensions, including affect, arousal,
and internal dialogue. After controlling for baseline scores and hypnotizability,
expectancies correlated with some dimensions having to do
with alterations in consciousness. In sum, spontaneous experiences
during hypnosis are driven by response expectancies, hypnotizability,
and baseline experiences, which show differential effects.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Goldsmiths, University of London

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Psykologi


Sidor (från-till)1-27
TidskriftInternational Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis
StatusPublished - 2019
Peer review utfördJa


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