The Visual Perception of Material Properties Affects Motor Planning in Prehension: An Analysis of Temporal and Spatial Components of Lifting Cups

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Abstract

The current study examined the role of visually perceived material properties in motor planning, where we analyzed the temporal and spatial components of motor movements during a seated reaching task. We recorded hand movements of 14 participants in three dimensions while they lifted and transported paper cups that differed in weight and glossiness. Kinematic- and spatial analysis revealed speed-accuracy trade-offs to depend on visual material properties of the objects, in which participants reached slower and grabbed closer to the center of mass for stimuli that required to be handled with greater precision. We found grasp-preparation during the first encounters with the cups was not only governed by the anticipated weight of the cups, but also by their visual material properties, namely glossiness. After a series of object lifting, the execution of reaching, the grip position, and the transportation of the cups from one location to another were preeminently guided by the object weight. We also found the planning phase in reaching to be guided by the expectation of hardness and surface gloss. The findings promote the role of general knowledge of material properties in reach-to-grasp movements, in which visual material properties are incorporated in the spatio-temporal components.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kompositmaterial och -teknik
  • Filosofi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer215
TidskriftFrontiers in Psychology
Volym11
StatusPublished - 2020 feb 18
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa