The wealth of the Swedish peasant farmer class (1750-1900): Composition and distribution

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

Abstract

Using about 1,730 probate inventories, this article studies the wealth of peasant farmers in Sweden for the years 1750, 1800, 1850 and 1900. Average wealth grew rapidly, tripling over the nineteenth century, but it did not grow equally: the Gini coefficient for the farmers' wealth grew from 0.46 in 1750 to 0.73 in 1900. Farmers who lived close to the major grain markets in Stockholm and the mining district of Bergslagen were wealthier than others, as were farmers on fertile plains and, in 1900, those living in coastal areas. Increased market access - in terms of cities and foreign demand - meant that farmers well placed in terms of geography and infrastructure benefited much more than farmers on what became the periphery. The diversity of farmers' wealth grew, as did their financial sophistication.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ekonomisk historia
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)129-145
Antal sidor17
TidskriftRural History
Volym30
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 2019
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Erik Bengtsson & Patrick Svensson, 2018, 29 s. (Lund Papers in Economic History. General Issues; nr. 177).

Forskningsoutput: Working paper

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