The X-Linked DDX3X RNA Helicase Dictates Translation Reprogramming and Metastasis in Melanoma

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The X-linked DDX3X gene encodes an ATP-dependent DEAD-box RNA helicase frequently altered in various human cancers, including melanomas. Despite its important roles in translation and splicing, how DDX3X dysfunction specifically rewires gene expression in melanoma remains completely unknown. Here, we uncover a DDX3X-driven post-transcriptional program that dictates melanoma phenotype and poor disease prognosis. Through an unbiased analysis of translating ribosomes, we identified the microphthalmia-associated transcription factor, MITF, as a key DDX3X translational target that directs a proliferative-to-metastatic phenotypic switch in melanoma cells. Mechanistically, DDX3X controls MITF mRNA translation via an internal ribosome entry site (IRES) embedded within the 5' UTR. Through this exquisite translation-based regulatory mechanism, DDX3X steers MITF protein levels dictating melanoma metastatic potential in vivo and response to targeted therapy. Together, these findings unravel a post-transcriptional layer of gene regulation that may provide a unique therapeutic vulnerability in aggressive male melanomas.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • University Hospital Essen
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Harvard University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)3573-3586.e7
TidskriftCell Reports
Volym27
Utgivningsnummer12
StatusPublished - 2019 jun 18
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa