Thermally Activated Exciton Dissociation and Recombination Control the Carrier Dynamics in Organometal Halide Perovskite

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Abstract

Solar cells based on organometal halide perovskites have seen rapidly increasing efficiencies, now exceeding 15%. Despite this progress, there is still limited knowledge on the fundamental photophysics. Here we use microwave photoconductance and photoluminescence measurements to investigate the temperature dependence of the carrier generation, mobility, and recombination in (CH3NH3)PbI3. At temperatures maintaining the tetragonal crystal phase of the perovskite, we find an exciton binding energy of about 32 meV, leading to a temperature-dependent yield of highly mobile (6.2 cm(2)/(V s) at 300 K) charge carriers. At higher laser intensities, second-order recombination with a rate constant of gamma = 13 x 10(-10) cm(3) s(-1) becomes apparent. Reducing the temperature results in increasing charge carrier mobilities following a T-1.6 dependence, which we attribute to a reduction in phonon scattering (Sigma mu = 16 cm(2)/(V s) at 165 K). Despite the fact that Sigma mu increases, gamma diminishes with a factor six, implying that charge recombination in (CH3NH3)PbI3 is temperature activated. The results underline the importance of the perovskite crystal structure, the exciton binding energy, and the activation energy for recombination as key factors in optimizing new perovskite materials.

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Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Naturvetenskap
  • Atom- och molekylfysik och optik
  • Fysik
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)2189-2194
TidskriftThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volym5
Utgåva nummer13
StatusPublished - 2014
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa