Thiol-specific and nonspecific interactions between DNA and gold nanoparticles
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
The contribution of nonspecific interactions to the overall interactions of thiol-ssDNA and dsDNA macromolecules with gold nanoparticles was investigated. A systematic investigation utilizing dynamic light scattering and cryogenic transmission electron microscopy has been per-formed to directly measure and visualize the changes in particle size and appearance during functionalization of gold nanoparticles with thiol-ssDNA and nonthiolated dsDNA. The results show that both thiol-ssDNA and dsDNA do stabilize gold nanoparticle dispersions, but possible nonspecific interactions between the hydrophobic DNA bases and the gold surface promote interparticle interactions and cause aggregation within rather a short period of time. We also discuss the adsorption mechanisms of dsDNA and thiol-ssDNA to gold particles.