Time to onset of improvements in Quality of Life from Temperature-controlled Laminar Airflow (TLA) in severe allergic asthma

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Abstract

Background: Allergen avoidance is important in allergic asthma management. Nocturnal treatment with Temperature-controlled Laminar Airflow (TLA; Airsonett®) has been shown to provide significant reduction of exposure to allergens in the breathing zone, leading to long-term reduction in airway inflammation and improvement in quality of life. Allergic asthma patients uncontrolled on GINA step 4 were found to benefit the most. A frequently asked question from clinicians and funders is related to time to onset (TTO) of improvements for patients using TLA. Methods: Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire (AQLQ) scores were collected in a previous study. TTO of improvements in Quality of Life was analysed for difference (TLA-placebo) in Area-under-Curve using backwards deletion from 12, 9, 6, 3 down to 1 month for the AQLQ total score, the four individual domains and specifically the sleep question. Results: Patients with uncontrolled asthma on GINA step 4 (n = 87)) reported a statistically significant and clinically relevant (≥0.5 point) improvement in total AQLQ score (0.57; p = 0.009) after 3 months treatment for TLA over placebo. The shortest TTO was within 1 month for the environmental domain (0.68; p = 0.016) and the sleep question (0.771; p = 0.037). TTO for the emotional and symptom domains was 3 months (0.66; p = 0.020 and 0.64; p = 0.014 respectively) and for the activity domain 6 months (0.47; p = 0.036). Conclusion: Nocturnal avoidance of allergens using TLA provided a statistically significant and clinically relevant improvement in total AQLQ score within 3 months in patients in the GINA 4 + ACT<18 group. Questions related to sleep quality may provide the first signal of response already within a month after commencing treatment.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • StatMind Statistical & Mathematical Modelling Innovation & Design AB
  • Imperial College London
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Lungmedicin och allergi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)19-25
Antal sidor7
TidskriftRespiratory Medicine
Volym147
StatusPublished - 2019 feb 1
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa