Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. / Sigl, M.; Winstrup, M.; McConnell, J. R.; Welten, K. C.; Plunkett, G.; Ludlow, F.; Buentgen, U.; Caffee, M.; Chellman, N.; Dahl-Jensen, D.; Fischer, H.; Kipfstuhl, S.; Kostick, C.; Maselli, O. J.; Mekhaldi, Florian; Mulvaney, R.; Muscheler, Raimund; Pasteris, D. R.; Pilcher, J. R.; Salzer, M.; Schuepbach, S.; Steffensen, J. P.; Vinther, B. M.; Woodruff, T. E.

I: Nature, Vol. 523, Nr. 7562, 2015, s. 543-549.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Sigl, M, Winstrup, M, McConnell, JR, Welten, KC, Plunkett, G, Ludlow, F, Buentgen, U, Caffee, M, Chellman, N, Dahl-Jensen, D, Fischer, H, Kipfstuhl, S, Kostick, C, Maselli, OJ, Mekhaldi, F, Mulvaney, R, Muscheler, R, Pasteris, DR, Pilcher, JR, Salzer, M, Schuepbach, S, Steffensen, JP, Vinther, BM & Woodruff, TE 2015, 'Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years', Nature, vol. 523, nr. 7562, s. 543-549. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14565

APA

Sigl, M., Winstrup, M., McConnell, J. R., Welten, K. C., Plunkett, G., Ludlow, F., ... Woodruff, T. E. (2015). Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. Nature, 523(7562), 543-549. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14565

CBE

Sigl M, Winstrup M, McConnell JR, Welten KC, Plunkett G, Ludlow F, Buentgen U, Caffee M, Chellman N, Dahl-Jensen D, Fischer H, Kipfstuhl S, Kostick C, Maselli OJ, Mekhaldi F, Mulvaney R, Muscheler R, Pasteris DR, Pilcher JR, Salzer M, Schuepbach S, Steffensen JP, Vinther BM, Woodruff TE. 2015. Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. Nature. 523(7562):543-549. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14565

MLA

Vancouver

Sigl M, Winstrup M, McConnell JR, Welten KC, Plunkett G, Ludlow F et al. Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. Nature. 2015;523(7562):543-549. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14565

Author

Sigl, M. ; Winstrup, M. ; McConnell, J. R. ; Welten, K. C. ; Plunkett, G. ; Ludlow, F. ; Buentgen, U. ; Caffee, M. ; Chellman, N. ; Dahl-Jensen, D. ; Fischer, H. ; Kipfstuhl, S. ; Kostick, C. ; Maselli, O. J. ; Mekhaldi, Florian ; Mulvaney, R. ; Muscheler, Raimund ; Pasteris, D. R. ; Pilcher, J. R. ; Salzer, M. ; Schuepbach, S. ; Steffensen, J. P. ; Vinther, B. M. ; Woodruff, T. E. / Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years. I: Nature. 2015 ; Vol. 523, Nr. 7562. s. 543-549.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Timing and climate forcing of volcanic eruptions for the past 2,500 years

AU - Sigl, M.

AU - Winstrup, M.

AU - McConnell, J. R.

AU - Welten, K. C.

AU - Plunkett, G.

AU - Ludlow, F.

AU - Buentgen, U.

AU - Caffee, M.

AU - Chellman, N.

AU - Dahl-Jensen, D.

AU - Fischer, H.

AU - Kipfstuhl, S.

AU - Kostick, C.

AU - Maselli, O. J.

AU - Mekhaldi, Florian

AU - Mulvaney, R.

AU - Muscheler, Raimund

AU - Pasteris, D. R.

AU - Pilcher, J. R.

AU - Salzer, M.

AU - Schuepbach, S.

AU - Steffensen, J. P.

AU - Vinther, B. M.

AU - Woodruff, T. E.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Volcanic eruptions contribute to climate variability, but quantifying these contributions has been limited by inconsistencies in the timing of atmospheric volcanic aerosol loading determined from ice cores and subsequent cooling from climate proxies such as tree rings. Here we resolve these inconsistencies and show that large eruptions in the tropics and high latitudes were primary drivers of interannual-to-decadal temperature variability in the Northern Hemisphere during the past 2,500 years. Our results are based on new records of atmospheric aerosol loading developed from high-resolution, multi-parameter measurements from an array of Greenland and Antarctic ice cores as well as distinctive age markers to constrain chronologies. Overall, cooling was proportional to the magnitude of volcanic forcing and persisted for up to ten years after some of the largest eruptive episodes. Our revised timescale more firmly implicates volcanic eruptions as catalysts in the major sixth-century pandemics, famines, and socioeconomic disruptions in Eurasia and Mesoamerica while allowing multi-millennium quantification of climate response to volcanic forcing.

AB - Volcanic eruptions contribute to climate variability, but quantifying these contributions has been limited by inconsistencies in the timing of atmospheric volcanic aerosol loading determined from ice cores and subsequent cooling from climate proxies such as tree rings. Here we resolve these inconsistencies and show that large eruptions in the tropics and high latitudes were primary drivers of interannual-to-decadal temperature variability in the Northern Hemisphere during the past 2,500 years. Our results are based on new records of atmospheric aerosol loading developed from high-resolution, multi-parameter measurements from an array of Greenland and Antarctic ice cores as well as distinctive age markers to constrain chronologies. Overall, cooling was proportional to the magnitude of volcanic forcing and persisted for up to ten years after some of the largest eruptive episodes. Our revised timescale more firmly implicates volcanic eruptions as catalysts in the major sixth-century pandemics, famines, and socioeconomic disruptions in Eurasia and Mesoamerica while allowing multi-millennium quantification of climate response to volcanic forcing.

U2 - 10.1038/nature14565

DO - 10.1038/nature14565

M3 - Article

VL - 523

SP - 543

EP - 549

JO - Nature

T2 - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7562

ER -