TIPH: Preventing Conflict Escalation in Hebron?
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This article adopts a perspective that emphasises direct and structural prevention of conflict. The empirical analysis focuses on the Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH) and elaborates on various strategies to prevent conflict escalation. It argues that there is an inherent tension between TIPH's operational activities and its mandate. The agreement stipulates ambitious long-term goals for the mission while limiting its activities to observing and monitoring without any power of enforcement. Still, an international presence has a restraining effect and lowers the level of violence. It is also crucial for the success of an observer force such as TIPH to gain the disputing parties' confidence and to enjoy credibility as a third party.