To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership

Forskningsoutput: Working paper

Standard

To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership. / Karlsson, Tobias; Stanfors, Maria.

Department of Economic History, Lund University, 2016. (Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market; Nr. 144).

Forskningsoutput: Working paper

Harvard

Karlsson, T & Stanfors, M 2016 'To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership' Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market, nr. 144, Department of Economic History, Lund University.

APA

Karlsson, T., & Stanfors, M. (2016). To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership. (Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market; Nr. 144). Department of Economic History, Lund University.

CBE

Karlsson T, Stanfors M. 2016. To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership. Department of Economic History, Lund University. (Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market; 144).

MLA

Karlsson, Tobias och Maria Stanfors To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership. Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market; 144. Department of Economic History, Lund University. 2016., 37 s.

Vancouver

Karlsson T, Stanfors M. To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership. Department of Economic History, Lund University. 2016. (Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market; 144).

Author

Karlsson, Tobias ; Stanfors, Maria. / To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership. Department of Economic History, Lund University, 2016. (Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market; 144).

RIS

TY - UNPB

T1 - To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership

AU - Karlsson, Tobias

AU - Stanfors, Maria

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Attracting membership while stifling freeriding and heterogeneous preferences among potential members is critical for trade union success. Women are generally seen as less inclined to join trade unions, particularly at the onset of the labor movement. We highlight a previously neglected explanation for this: the importance of risk and gender differences in assessment hereof. We study matched employer-employee data from two industries around the year 1900 where union membership was associated with different levels of risk: the Swedish cigar and printing industries. We find that the gender gap in membership was larger in the high-risk environment (cigar) and smaller in the low-risk environment (printing). Women were not hard to organize but avoided risks and uncertain returns.

AB - Attracting membership while stifling freeriding and heterogeneous preferences among potential members is critical for trade union success. Women are generally seen as less inclined to join trade unions, particularly at the onset of the labor movement. We highlight a previously neglected explanation for this: the importance of risk and gender differences in assessment hereof. We study matched employer-employee data from two industries around the year 1900 where union membership was associated with different levels of risk: the Swedish cigar and printing industries. We find that the gender gap in membership was larger in the high-risk environment (cigar) and smaller in the low-risk environment (printing). Women were not hard to organize but avoided risks and uncertain returns.

KW - trade unions

KW - risk aversion

KW - gender

KW - 19th century

KW - 20th century

KW - Sweden

M3 - Working paper

T3 - Lund Papers in Economic History. Education and the Labour Market

BT - To be or not to be? Risk attitudes and gender differences in union membership

PB - Department of Economic History, Lund University

ER -