Tomosynthesis of the thoracic spine: added value in diagnosing vertebral fractures in the elderly

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title = "Tomosynthesis of the thoracic spine: added value in diagnosing vertebral fractures in the elderly",
abstract = "Objectives: Thoracic spine radiography becomes more difficult with age. Tomosynthesis is a low-dose tomographic extension of radiography which may facilitate thoracic spine evaluation. This study assessed the added value of tomosynthesis in imaging of the thoracic spine in the elderly. Methods: Four observers compared the image quality of 50 consecutive thoracic spine radiography and tomosynthesis data sets from 48 patients (median age 67 years, range 55–92 years) on a number of image quality criteria. Observer variation was determined by free-marginal multirater kappa. The conversion factor and effective dose were determined from the dose–area product values. Results: For all observers significantly more vertebrae were seen with tomosynthesis than with radiography (mean 12.4/9.3, P <0.001) as well as significantly more fractures (mean 0.9/0.7, P = 0.017). The image quality score for tomosynthesis was significantly higher than for radiography, for all evaluated structures. Tomosynthesis took longer to evaluate than radiography. Despite this, all observers scored a clear preference for tomosynthesis. Observer agreement was substantial (mean κ = 0.73, range 0.51–0.94). The calibration or conversion factor was 0.11 mSv/(Gy cm2) for the combined examination. The resulting effective dose was 0.87 mSv. Conclusion: Tomosynthesis can increase the detection rate of thoracic vertebral fractures in the elderly, at low added radiation dose. Key Points: • Tomosynthesis helps evaluate the thoracic spine in the elderly.• Observer agreement for thoracic spine tomosynthesis was substantial (mean κ = 0.73).• Significantly more vertebrae and significantly more fractures were seen with tomosynthesis.• Tomosynthesis took longer to evaluate than radiography.• There was a clear preference among all observers for tomosynthesis over radiography.",
keywords = "Fracture, Image quality, Radiography, Thoracic vertebrae, Tomography, X-ray",
author = "Mats Geijer and Eirikur Gunnlaugsson and Simon G{\"o}testrand and Lars Weber and H{\aa}kan Geijer",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1007/s00330-016-4392-5",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "491--497",
journal = "European Radiology",
issn = "0938-7994",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "2",