Trade and overcoming land constraints in British industrialization: an empirical assessment

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Trade and overcoming land constraints in British industrialization : an empirical assessment. / Theodoridis, Dimitrios; Warde, Paul; Kander, Astrid.

I: Journal of Global History, Vol. 13, Nr. 3, 2018, s. 328-351.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Trade and overcoming land constraints in British industrialization

T2 - an empirical assessment

AU - Theodoridis, Dimitrios

AU - Warde, Paul

AU - Kander, Astrid

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - Land was an unambiguous constraint for growth in the pre-industrial period. In Britain it was overcome partly through the transition from traditional land-based goods to coal (vertical expansion) and partly through accessing overseas land, primarily from colonies (horizontal expansion). Kenneth Pomeranz suggested that horizontal expansion may have outweighed vertical expansion in the first decades of the nineteenth century. Taking a more complete approach to trade, we find that Britain was a net exporter of land embodied in traded commodities, apart from in the early nineteenth century, when potash (rather than cotton or timber) constituted the major land-demanding import from North America. The vertical expansion was generally larger than the horizontal expansion. In other words, Britain was not simply appropriating flows of land and resources from abroad but simultaneously providing its trading partners with even more land-expanding resources.

AB - Land was an unambiguous constraint for growth in the pre-industrial period. In Britain it was overcome partly through the transition from traditional land-based goods to coal (vertical expansion) and partly through accessing overseas land, primarily from colonies (horizontal expansion). Kenneth Pomeranz suggested that horizontal expansion may have outweighed vertical expansion in the first decades of the nineteenth century. Taking a more complete approach to trade, we find that Britain was a net exporter of land embodied in traded commodities, apart from in the early nineteenth century, when potash (rather than cotton or timber) constituted the major land-demanding import from North America. The vertical expansion was generally larger than the horizontal expansion. In other words, Britain was not simply appropriating flows of land and resources from abroad but simultaneously providing its trading partners with even more land-expanding resources.

KW - coal

KW - colonies

KW - ghost acres

KW - industrial revolution

KW - trade

U2 - 10.1017/S1740022818000189

DO - 10.1017/S1740022818000189

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 328

EP - 351

JO - Journal of Global History

JF - Journal of Global History

SN - 1740-0228

IS - 3

ER -