Traffic modeling for wildland-urban interface fire evacuation

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Several traffic modeling tools are currently available for evacuation planning and real-time decision support during emergencies. This paper reviews potential traffic-modeling approaches in the context of wildland-urban interface (WUI) fire-evacuation applications. Existing modeling approaches and features are evaluated pertaining to fire-related, spatial, and demographic factors; intended application (planning or decision support); and temporal issues. This systematic review shows the importance of the following modeling approaches: dynamic modeling structures, considering behavioral variability and route choice; activity-based models for short-notice evacuation planning; and macroscopic traffic simulation for real-time evacuation management. Subsequently, the modeling features of 22 traffic models and applications currently available in practice and the literature are reviewed and matched with the benchmark features identified for WUI fire applications. Based on this review analysis, recommendations are made for developing traffic models specifically applicable to WUI fire evacuation, including possible integrations with wildfire and pedestrian models.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • University of Bari Aldo Moro
  • Delft University of Technology
  • National Research Council of Canada
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Transportteknik och logistik
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer04019002
TidskriftJournal of Transportation Engineering Part A: Systems
Volym145
Utgivningsnummer3
StatusPublished - 2019
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa