Tubular function in diabetic children assessed by Tamm-Horsfall protein and glutathione S-transferase

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In a previous study, we found urinary excretion of Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP) to be persistently decreased in 25% of patients during the first year after diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. We thus wanted to study another marker for distal tubular function, pi glutathione S-transferase (pi-GST) and compare this and THP with proximal tubular function evaluated with alpha-GST and alpha-1-microglobulin (HC) in patients with longer duration of diabetes. One hundred and eighty-four diabetic and 16 control children were studied with timed overnight urine collections. Median age was 14 years, and median age at diagnosis was 8 years. The urinary excretion of alpha- and pi-GST was significant lower in diabetic than control children. There were no differences in the excretion of HC and THP. Diabetic children with decreased alpha-GST had higher albumin excretion, HbA(1c) levels, and longer diabetes duration but decreased THP excretion and cystatin-C clearance compared with those with normal excretion. In contrast, a decreased pi-GST or THP excretion was not associated with such differences. Diabetic children with increased HC excretion had increased HbA(1c) levels. Diabetic children, before the stage of microalbuminuria, may have signs of both proximal and distal tubular dysfunction, which is related to diabetes duration and poor metabolic control. Alpha-GST and pi-GST seem to be more sensitive than other parameters studied.


  • Peter Holmquist
  • Ole Torffvit
  • Sture Sjöblad
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Pediatrik
  • Urologi och njurmedicin
Sidor (från-till)1079-1083
TidskriftPediatric Nephrology
Utgåva nummer7
StatusPublished - 2008
Peer review utfördJa