Twenty-eight-day follow-up of patch test reactions to p-phenylenediamine and p-phenylenediamine dihydrochloride: A multicentre study on behalf of the European Environmental and Contact Dermatitis Research Group

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Background: There is an ongoing discussion on whether routinely patch testing with p-phenylenediamine (PPD) 1.0% pet. is safe, owing to the risk of patch test sensitization. Late-appearing patch test reactions may reflect patch test sensitization, but may also be attributable to a low degree of pre-existing sensitization. Objectives: To follow the positive patch test reactions to PPD and its salt PPD dihydrochloride (PPD-DHC) in order to characterize reaction patterns concerning time and dose in PPD-sensitized individuals. Methods: Volunteers with previous reactions to PPD 1.0% were included and patch tested with PPD and PPD-DHC in equimolar dilution series. There were then seven follow-up visits over a period of 28 days. Results: Twenty-six volunteers completed the study, of whom 23 of 26 (88%) reacted to PPD 1.0%, and 69% reacted to PPD 0.32%. Altogether, 42% and 27% reacted to the corresponding equimolar concentrations of PPD-DHC. After day 7, no new reactions were observed to any concentration tested, either of PPD or of PPD-DHC. Conclusion: No late-appearing reactions to PPD or PPD-DHC were observed at any dose. There is a risk of missing contact allergy when the dose is decreased.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Odense University Hospital
  • Autonomous University of Barcelona
  • University of Copenhagen
  • University of Southern Denmark
  • Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute
  • Gentofte Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Dermatologi och venereologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1-8
TidskriftContact Dermatitis
Volym81
Utgivningsnummer1
Tidigt onlinedatum2019 jan 26
StatusPublished - 2019
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa