Understanding the Chemistry of Lead at a Molecular Level: The Pb(II) 6s6p Lone Pair Can Be Bisdirected in Proteins

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Pb2+ complexes can attain several different topologies, depending of the shape of the Pb 6s6p lone pair. In this paper, we study structures with a bisdirected Pb lone pair with quantum mechanics (DFT) and QM/MM calculations. We study small symmetric Pb2+ models to see what factors are needed to get a bisdirected lone pair. Two important mechanisms have been found: First, the repulsion of the lone pair of Pb2+ with other lone pairs in the equatorial plane leads to a bisdirected structure. Second, a bisdirected lone pair can also arise due to interactions with double bonds, lone pairs, or hydrogen atoms. Moreover, we have analyzed Pb2+ sites in proteins and to see if a bisdirected lone pair can exist in an asymmetrical environment. Several instances of bisdirected lone pairs were discovered.


  • Marie-Celine Van Severen
  • Ulf Ryde
  • Olivier Parisel
  • Jean-Philip Piquernal
Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Teoretisk kemi
Sidor (från-till)2416-2424
TidskriftJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation
StatusPublished - 2013
Peer review utfördJa


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