Understanding the shape and diversity of dwarf galaxy rotation curves in ΛCDM

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Understanding the shape and diversity of dwarf galaxy rotation curves in ΛCDM. / Read, J. I.; Iorio, G.; Agertz, O.; Fraternali, F.

I: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 462, Nr. 4, 11.11.2016, s. 3628-3645.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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T1 - Understanding the shape and diversity of dwarf galaxy rotation curves in ΛCDM

AU - Read, J. I.

AU - Iorio, G.

AU - Agertz, O.

AU - Fraternali, F.

PY - 2016/11/11

Y1 - 2016/11/11

N2 - The shape and diversity of dwarf galaxy rotation curves is at apparent odds with dark matter halos in a Λ Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) cosmology. We use mock data from isolated dwarf galaxy simulations to show that this owes to three main effects. Firstly, stellar feedback heats dark matter, leading to a `coreNFW' dark matter density profile with a slowly rising rotation curve. Secondly, if close to a recent starburst, large H i bubbles push the rotation curve out of equilibrium, deforming the rotation curve shape. Thirdly, when galaxies are viewed near face-on, their best fit inclination is biased high. This can lead to a very shallow rotation curve that falsely implies a large dark matter core. All three problems can be avoided, however, by a combination of improved mass models and a careful selection of target galaxies. Fitting our coreNFW model to mock rotation curve data, we show that we can recover the rotation curve shape, dark matter halo mass M200 and concentration parameter c within our quoted uncertainties.We fit our coreNFW model to real data for four isolated dwarf irregulars, chosen to span a wide range of rotation curve shapes. We obtain an excellent fit for NGC 6822 and WLM, with tight constraints on M200, and c consistent with ΛCDM. However, IC 1613 and DDO 101 give a poor fit. For IC 1613, we show that this owes to disequilibria and its uncertain inclination i; for DDO 101, it owes to its uncertain distance D. If we assume iIC1613 ~ 15° and DDDO101 ~ 12 Mpc, consistent with current uncertainties, we are able to fit both galaxies very well. We conclude that ΛCDM appears to give an excellent match to dwarf galaxy rotation curves.

AB - The shape and diversity of dwarf galaxy rotation curves is at apparent odds with dark matter halos in a Λ Cold Dark Matter (ΛCDM) cosmology. We use mock data from isolated dwarf galaxy simulations to show that this owes to three main effects. Firstly, stellar feedback heats dark matter, leading to a `coreNFW' dark matter density profile with a slowly rising rotation curve. Secondly, if close to a recent starburst, large H i bubbles push the rotation curve out of equilibrium, deforming the rotation curve shape. Thirdly, when galaxies are viewed near face-on, their best fit inclination is biased high. This can lead to a very shallow rotation curve that falsely implies a large dark matter core. All three problems can be avoided, however, by a combination of improved mass models and a careful selection of target galaxies. Fitting our coreNFW model to mock rotation curve data, we show that we can recover the rotation curve shape, dark matter halo mass M200 and concentration parameter c within our quoted uncertainties.We fit our coreNFW model to real data for four isolated dwarf irregulars, chosen to span a wide range of rotation curve shapes. We obtain an excellent fit for NGC 6822 and WLM, with tight constraints on M200, and c consistent with ΛCDM. However, IC 1613 and DDO 101 give a poor fit. For IC 1613, we show that this owes to disequilibria and its uncertain inclination i; for DDO 101, it owes to its uncertain distance D. If we assume iIC1613 ~ 15° and DDDO101 ~ 12 Mpc, consistent with current uncertainties, we are able to fit both galaxies very well. We conclude that ΛCDM appears to give an excellent match to dwarf galaxy rotation curves.

KW - Dark matter

KW - Galaxies: dwarf

KW - Galaxies: haloes

KW - Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84994498914&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stw1876

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stw1876

M3 - Article

VL - 462

SP - 3628

EP - 3645

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

T2 - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 1365-2966

IS - 4

ER -