University spin-offs and triple helix dynamics in regional innovation ecosystems: A comparison of technology intensive start-ups in Sweden

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

This study offers novel insights into how university spin-offs contribute to triple helix dynamics and the evolutionary processes of industrial renewal in regional innovation ecosystems. We analyse three groups of technology intensive start-ups: university spin-offs, corporate spin-offs, and independent technology start-ups. We compare and analyse various characteristics, functions, and processes among the three groups using primary data from a questionnaire survey conducted at 341 young firms operating in two technology intensive sectors in Sweden. Our findings suggest that university spin-offs differ from the other two groups with respect to their contribution to triple helix dynamics in regional innovation ecosystems. University spin-offs cooperate more closely with universities, conduct more in-house R&D, purchase more R&D services, and offer more innovative products/services in the introduction stage of their industry life cycles.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Nord University
  • Halmstad University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Företagsekonomi

Nyckelord

  • innovation, ecosystem, entrepreneurship, University Spin-offs, technology based firms
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)362-381
TidskriftGlobal Business and Economics Review
Volym21
Utgåva nummer3/4
StatusPublished - 2019
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa