User participation in urban green spaces - For the people or the parks?

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User participation in urban green spaces - For the people or the parks? / Fors, Hanna; Molin, Julie Frøik; Murphy, Melissa Anna; Konijnendijk van den Bosch, Cecil.

I: Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, Vol. 14, Nr. 3, 01.01.2015, s. 722-734.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel

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Fors, Hanna ; Molin, Julie Frøik ; Murphy, Melissa Anna ; Konijnendijk van den Bosch, Cecil. / User participation in urban green spaces - For the people or the parks?. I: Urban Forestry and Urban Greening. 2015 ; Vol. 14, Nr. 3. s. 722-734.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - User participation in urban green spaces - For the people or the parks?

AU - Fors, Hanna

AU - Molin, Julie Frøik

AU - Murphy, Melissa Anna

AU - Konijnendijk van den Bosch, Cecil

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - The provision and administration of high quality urban public green spaces intertwines issues of planning, design, management and maintenance with governance. The benefits of such spaces are often tied to social justice, public health and recreation, biodiversity and helping cities to deal with climate change. International policies and changes in public administration have encouraged user participation across multiple phases of green space development. Although sceptics towards participation are easily found supporting arguments sometimes stand without critique, not questioning how participation affects the physical quality of green spaces. This literature review surveyed empirical scientific studies seeking to answer the following research question: How does research to date reflect over user participation's contribution to public urban green space quality? The review includes 31 articles from peer-reviewed scientific journals and finds an array of arguments used to support and attribute potential benefits to participation. However, analysing what has been empirically tested in these articles shows an even and general lack of proof for these arguments, implying that many arguments for participation are taken for granted. A particularly large disparity was found between the discussing and testing of many arguments regarding how participation may directly benefit urban green spaces. Rather than assessing the physical outputs of participation, most of the empirical studies tested process benefits to users and administrators. Due to the discovered predominance of these process-driven studies, it remains unclear whether participation actually improves green spaces, or if it is just for the benefit of the people involved. The gap in scientific knowledge found here calls for a re-focus to case level research, empirically testing where the actual benefits of participation lie and how participation processes might best lead to high quality green spaces in practice.

AB - The provision and administration of high quality urban public green spaces intertwines issues of planning, design, management and maintenance with governance. The benefits of such spaces are often tied to social justice, public health and recreation, biodiversity and helping cities to deal with climate change. International policies and changes in public administration have encouraged user participation across multiple phases of green space development. Although sceptics towards participation are easily found supporting arguments sometimes stand without critique, not questioning how participation affects the physical quality of green spaces. This literature review surveyed empirical scientific studies seeking to answer the following research question: How does research to date reflect over user participation's contribution to public urban green space quality? The review includes 31 articles from peer-reviewed scientific journals and finds an array of arguments used to support and attribute potential benefits to participation. However, analysing what has been empirically tested in these articles shows an even and general lack of proof for these arguments, implying that many arguments for participation are taken for granted. A particularly large disparity was found between the discussing and testing of many arguments regarding how participation may directly benefit urban green spaces. Rather than assessing the physical outputs of participation, most of the empirical studies tested process benefits to users and administrators. Due to the discovered predominance of these process-driven studies, it remains unclear whether participation actually improves green spaces, or if it is just for the benefit of the people involved. The gap in scientific knowledge found here calls for a re-focus to case level research, empirically testing where the actual benefits of participation lie and how participation processes might best lead to high quality green spaces in practice.

KW - Management

KW - Place-keeping

KW - Place-making

KW - Planning

KW - Public involvement

KW - Quality

U2 - 10.1016/j.ufug.2015.05.007

DO - 10.1016/j.ufug.2015.05.007

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:84942817641

VL - 14

SP - 722

EP - 734

JO - Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

JF - Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

SN - 1618-8667

IS - 3

ER -