Visual adaptations of diurnal and nocturnal raptors

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragÖversiktsartikel


Raptors have always fascinated mankind, owls for their highly sensitive vision, and eagles for their high visual acuity. We summarize what is presently known about the eyes as well as the visual abilities of these birds, and point out knowledge gaps. We discuss visual fields, eye movements, accommodation, ocular media transmittance, spectral sensitivity, retinal anatomy and what is known about visual pathways. The specific adaptations of owls to dim-light vision include large corneal diameters compared to axial (and focal) length, a rod-dominated retina and low spatial and temporal resolution of vision. Adaptations of diurnal raptors to high acuity vision in bright light include rod- and double cone-free foveae, high cone and retinal ganglion cell densities and high temporal resolution. We point out that more studies, preferably using behavioural and non-invasive methods, are desirable.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Vilnius University

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Evolutionsbiologi


TidskriftSeminars in Cell and Developmental Biology
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 jul 10
Peer review utfördJa