Von Economo neurons are selectively targeted in frontotemporal dementia.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Von Economo neurons (VEN) are bipolar neurons located in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the frontoinsular cortex (FI), areas affected early in behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD), in which VEN may constitute a selectively vulnerable cellular population. Aim A previous study has shown a selective loss of VEN in FTD above other neurons in the ACC of FTD. The aim of this study was to confirm this finding in a larger cohort, using a different methodology, and to examine VEN loss in relation to neuropathological severity and molecular pathology. Methods VEN and neighbouring neurons (NN) were quantified in layer Va and Vb of the right dorsal anterior cingulate cortex in 21 cases of behavioural variant FTD, 10 cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and 10 non-demented controls (NDC). Results A marked VEN reduction was seen in all FTD cases. In the neuropathologically early cases of FTD (n=13), VEN/10000 NN was significantly reduced by 53 % compared with NDC (p<0.001) and 41% compared with AD (p=0.019), whereas AD patients showed a non-significant 30% reduction of VEN/10000 NN compared with NDC. VEN reduction was present in all protein pathology subgroups. Discussion In conclusion, this study confirms selective sensitivity of VEN in FTD and suggests that VEN loss is an early event in the neurodegenerative process.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Neurologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)572-579
TidskriftNeuropathology & Applied Neurobiology
Volym39
Utgivningsnummer5
StatusPublished - 2013
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa

Relaterad forskningsoutput

Alexander Santillo, 2014, Clinical Memory Research Unit, Lund University. 45 s.

Forskningsoutput: AvhandlingDoktorsavhandling (sammanläggning)

Visa alla (1)