Well-Being and Working Conditions of Teachers in Sweden

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Abstract

Background
In Sweden, teachers are subject to high turnover, unfavorable working conditions, and high incidence of stress-related disorders. The aim of the present study was to (a) assess teachers’ perceptions of work-related health and working conditions, (b) examine the relationship among sev- eral key characteristics in teachers’ work environment, and (c) examine the importance for well-being of job satisfaction, separation between work and spare time, and recovery from work.

Design
Primary and lower secondary school teachers in Sweden were invited to participate in a questionnaire study assessing five central aspects of health (subjective well-being, physical activity, self-rated health, sleep quality, and health complaints). Building on previous research, the effect of job satisfaction on well-being as well as on health complaints was tested using a mediation model with separation between work and spare time, and recovery from work, as mediators.

Results
Of the respondents, 40.2% scored below the cut-off recom- mended in the screening for depression, 43.8% qualified as leading a sed- entary lifestyle, and 33.7% reported insufficient recovery from work. Sixty- one percent reported one or more sleep problems indicative of insomnia. Well-being correlated highly with self-rated health, health complaints, and separation between work and spare time. There is moderate support for the two models used to analyze the associations between job satisfaction and the outcome variables – well-being and health complaints – as both separation between work and spare time, and recovery from work, partially mediate the associations.

Conclusion
The results confirm recent research pointing to the teach- ing profession as a vulnerable occupational group. Especially disconcerting and relevant for teachers in Sweden are results indicative of problems with recovery from work and insufficient separation between work and spare time.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Psykologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)23-46
TidskriftPsychology in Russia: State of the Art
Volym12
Utgåva nummer4
Tidigt onlinedatum2019 nov 16
StatusPublished - 2019 dec 25
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa