What’s new? Gestures accompany inferable rather than brand-new referents in discourse

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title = "What{\textquoteright}s new?: Gestures accompany inferable rather than brand-new referents in discourse",
abstract = "The literature on bimodal discourse reference has shown that gestures are sensitive to referents{\textquoteright} information status in discourse. Gestures occur more often with new referents/first mentions than with given referents/subsequent mentions. However, because not all new entities at first mention occur with gestures, the current study examines whether gestures are sensitive to a difference in information status between brand-new and inferable entities, and variation in nominal definiteness. Unexpectedly, the results show that gestures are more frequent with inferable referents (hearer-new but discourse-old) than with brand-new referents (hearer- and discourse-new). The findings reveal new aspects of the relationship between gestures and speech in discourse, specifically suggesting a complementary (disambiguating) function for gestures in the context of first mentioned discourse entities. The results thus highlight the multi-functionality of gestures in relation to speech. ",
keywords = "gestures, discourse, reference, information status, speech-gesture relationship, visual language, Information structure, new/given information",
author = "Sandra Debreslioska and Marianne Gullberg",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
day = "23",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01935",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S. A.",