Who are the "quitters"? a cross-sectional study of circumstances associated with women giving up smoking.

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Background: Smoking is an important preventable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, cancer, and many other diseases.
Even though tobacco consumption is declining in Sweden, it is not declining in all groups. This study explored
socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances hindering or facilitating smoking cessation in three birth cohorts of women
from the general population. Methods: Between 1991 and 1996 a comprehensive questionnaire was administered to 17,319
women, 45–73 years old, from the Malmo¨ Diet and Cancer cohort. Smoking habits were compared in relation to
socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances in three birth cohorts. Results: Of these women, 44% were never smokers,
28% were ex-smokers, and 28% were smokers (regular or occasional). When compared with smokers, ex-smokers were
more often married, had a higher socioeconomic position, a longer education, more smoke-free surroundings, better
emotional support, higher BMI, and better self-perceived health. Ex-smokers reported less work-related stress and less shift
work. A history of cardiovascular disease was not associated with smoking cessation. The socioeconomic differences
between current and former smokers were higher for young women as compared with older birth cohorts. Conclusions:
Continuing smokers and quitters differ with regard to socioeconomic and psychosocial circumstances and factors related to
working life and environmental tobacco exposure. By determining who the quitters are through continued follow-up, useful
insights can be gained to develop strategies to achieve successful cessation of smoking.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi


Sidor (från-till)175-182
TidskriftScandinavian Journal of Public Health
StatusPublished - 2005
Peer review utfördJa