Conceptualizing and measuring retirement in historical censuses: Sweden 1860-1930

Aktivitet: Föredrag eller presentationPresentation


Although universal pension systems were born in the twentieth centuries, retirement has a longer history. In this presentation, I discuss various ways to conceptualize and measure retirement using historical censuses from Sweden in the period 1860 to 1950. I consider and compare different definitions of retirement, distinctively for men and women, and observe changes over time. I also present the first cross-tabulations of age and participation in gainful employment for the census years 1880-1900, and time series of the share of men and women (70 +) in gainful employment over the period 1880-1950. The presentation forms a point of departure for a new project, which seeks to systematically investigate retirement behavior in Sweden from the late nineteenth century to 1950s, a period when increasing numbers of ageing men left the labour market, even though pension benefits were too low to sustain independent living.
Period2023 sep. 28
Evenemangstitel15th Swedish Economic History Meeting
Typ av evenemangKonferens
PlatsLund, SverigeVisa på karta